Dr. Alister MacKenzie´s 13 General Principles …

Dr. Alister MacKenzie´s 

13 General Principles of Golf Course Architecture

       

@ Pasatiempo Golf Course, Santa Cruz, California

The course should have beautiful surroundings, and all the artificial features should have so natural an appearance that a stranger is unable to distinguish them from nature itself.

The course, where possible, should be arranged in two loops of nine holes.

The course, where possible, should be arranged in two loops of nine holes.

There should be a large proportion of good two-shot holes, and at least four one-shot holes.

There should be little walking between the greens and tees, and the course should be arranged so that in the first instance there is always a slight walk forwards from the green to the next tee; then the holes are sufficiently elastic to be lengthened in the future if necessary.

The greens and fairways should be sufficiently undulating, but there should be no hill climbing.

Every hole should be different in character.

There should be a minimum of blindness for the approach shots.

There should be a sufficient number of heroic carries from the tee, but the course should be arranged so that the weaker player with the loss of a stroke, or portion of a stroke, shall always have an alternate route open to him.

There should be infinite variety in the strokes required to play the various holes–that is, interesting brassie shots, iron shots, pitch and run up shots.

There should be a complete absence of the annoyance and irritation caused by the necessity of searching for lost balls.

The course should be so interesting that even the scratch man is constantly stimulated to improve his game.

The course should so be arranged that the long handicap player or even the absolute beginner should be able to enjoy his round in spite of the fact that he is piling up a big score.

The course should be equally good during winter and summer, the texture of the greens and fairways should be perfect and the approaches should have the same consistency as the greens